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Tuberculosis, an infectious disease caused by bacteria- mycobacterium tuberculosis- discovered 136 years ago, treatment that can kill the bacteria available for more than three quarters of a century, is unfortunately, still the number one global killer of human species by an infectious agent.
- Every year more than 1.6 million people die of TB worldwide, every year more than 10 million people develop TB, of them approx. 1 million are children and 1 million are people living with HIV. Every year 600,000 people develop multi drug resistant TB, which is much more difficult to treat.
In spite of the availability of newer tools for diagnosing and newer treatment options, vast majority of the people still don’t have access to these newer diagnostics and best treatment practices.
For years, we’ve known that the poorest and most marginalized people in society are the ones who bear the highest burden of TB. Poverty, a key marker of health inequity, has clear association with an increased risk of TB infection, and 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. TB also disproportionately affects people who are already being left behind, including ethnic minority groups, refugees and those affected by social risk factors including homelessness, alcohol and drug misuse or imprisonment.

Over all TB/HIV achievement 2018